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Dental implants are divided into 5 groups based on their functions as follows: Intramucosal Inserts: Button implants are inserted on removable dentures surface and on the side, they are inserted within the oral mucosa. Then, by inserting the denture in its place; they play the role of stabilizing it on patient’s jaw. These implants have been used for fixing complete dentures in upper jaw but using them is not common these days.
What are dental implant types and their functions?
Dental implants are divided into 5 groups based on their functions as follows:
Button implants are inserted on removable dentures surface and on the side, they are inserted within the oral mucosa. Then, by inserting the denture in its place; they play the role of stabilizing it on patient’s jaw. These implants have been used for fixing complete dentures in upper jaw but using them is not common these days.
These implants have a ladder like structure to be compatible with alveolar bone in jaws. They are designed to stabilize prosthesis especially when the lower jaw atrophy is severe. These implants are manufactured and prepared in a 2-stage surgery. In the first stage, periosteal mucosa texture is pushed aside from the bone surface. Then, molding is performed to have a shape for producing sub-periosteal implants.
In the second stage, this structure is inserted under the mucosa texture during a surgery. Prosthesis is inserted on the bases of this structure that are located outside of the mucosa texture. Nowadays, it is possible to have the shape of patient’s jaw by computerized tomographic techniques so that there is no need to perform the surgery of first stage. In this way, the implant is inserted into the jaw just be one surgery.
These implants are inserted in lower jaw anterior area. The screws will pass the width of the jaw completely. These implants are used when mandible bone atrophy is very severe. It will stabilize the denture in lower jaw.
These implants are inserted in to the mandible bone by two kinds of surgery: inside or outside of the oral cavity. Despite of relative considerable success of this technique; this is hardly used due to complicated and difficult procedure of inserting them in the jaw bone.
These implants are inserted within the jaw bone and prosthesis will be produced after stabilizing the implant in the jaw bone. Nowadays, Endosseous Implants are used more than the other types of implants.
These pin implants are used when the tooth is periodontally and the proportion of crown to root is not suitable. For this type of implant, it is necessary to clean and prepare the canal of the root.
After preparing the end of root, it is necessary to use a reamer to remove a part of the root. Then, the area will be filled with a sealer and the implant is inserted into the canal of the root. It should be fastened with screws in its place.
Sometimes a young people lose his/her teeth because of an accident. The first question here is “What is the appropriate age for dental implant treatment?” And the answer is “it is recommended to wait until 18 when the final growth of bone and teeth is completed”. After this period it is allowed to have dental implant so that implant will not seem to be shorter than the other teeth.
Prescribing dental implants The patient's characteristics, such as the age and history of implant receiving positions or radiation history, will be effective on implant results. In addition, it is believed that the history of smoking can have a negative effect on the bone marrow response in the phenomenon of osteonetrition (bone-to-implant implantation). Other patient-related factors, such as titanium allergy, are currently under discussion. In some cases, it is possible.
Dental implant Fortunately, dental implants are considered as one of the best solutions for toothless problem. People who have lost one or some teeth and have difficulties for using dentures can use dental implants.
In this method, the gum is not cut so; there is no need to have it sutured. For this method, it is necessary to have enough bones so that the dentist has direct view to insert the dental implant. This surgery is implemented by using surgical guide without any bleeding and pain.