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Dental implant is made of Titanium alloy. It can be inserted inside the jaw bones in upper and lower jaws; then, dental prosthesis is fixed. Dental implant alloy (Titanium) is resistant against oxygen, acid and corrosion. Dental implant is considered as a stable mainstay for dentures. Bridges on dental implant and dentures are motionless. Dental implant stable mainstays help the dentures, bridges and crown function.
The main purpose of dental implant insertion is preserving bone in toothless area.
If bone restoration is necessary for dental implant because of severe bone depletion; bone grafting should be done by bone powder and bone blocks. In the first step, the fixture is inserted inside the jaw bone. Then, abatement and the crown are inserted on the fixture, respectively.
Therefore, the fixture is inserted inside the patient’s jaw bone after selecting the suitable dental implant. The prosthesis that is inserted on it can be different, fixed or movable.
We are going to describe two methods for dental implant.
In the first method, four dental implants with the diameter of 0.2cm are inserted in the jaw bone. Their round top comes out of the gum. They create connections with four parts namely housing. If bone depletion is severe, this method takes about 120 minutes and can be a very effective method.
What are the dental implant treatment stages?
In the second dental implant method, six implants are inserted in lower jaw bone and eight implants are inserted in upper jaw bone. Then, these implants are covered by prosthesis to fix the teeth in a stable way.
Dental implant influences on patients in terms of mental aspects. The best results of dental implants are related to some factors including dentist’s experience and knowledge, dental implant type, implant alloy, patient’s health condition, regular examinations by the dentist, laboratory personnel experiences and in total dentistry team operations.
The main goal of dental implant treatment is preserving jaw bone in toothless area. In some cases, the dentist should restore the jaw bone because of severe or average bone depletion by bone graft that is done by bone powder or bone blocks.
Stability during surgery is based on bone volume or bone quality and also depends on implant length and diameter. Dental implant stability depends on bone higher density and better quality. Higher stability in surgery will lead to bearing higher forces.
If the bone density is low or there isn’t enough bone volume, we can use implants with more diameters. if the initial stability of dental implant is not enough, dental implant surgery should be done in two stages. It is possible to consider 2 months for rest and creating better connections between implant and jaw bone. Then, dental implant can be put under forces.
You can increase dental implant life span to 25 years by observing important oral health points.
Dental implants are divided into 5 groups based on their functions as follows: Intramucosal Inserts: Button implants are inserted on removable dentures surface and on the side, they are inserted within the oral mucosa. Then, by inserting the denture in its place; they play the role of stabilizing it on patient’s jaw. These implants have been used for fixing complete dentures in upper jaw but using them is not common these days.
What are dental implant advantages? Dental implant is a thin pin that is made of pure Titanium and is compatible with the body. This pin is inserted in jaw bone. Dentures are connected to dental implant. It takes 3 to 6 months for bone restoration and growth around the dental implant.