Dental implant is made of Titanium alloy. It can be inserted inside the jaw bones in upper and lower jaws; then, dental prosthesis is fixed. Dental implant alloy (Titanium) is resistant against oxygen, acid and corrosion. Dental implant is considered as a stable mainstay for dentures. Bridges on dental implant and dentures are motionless. Dental implant stable mainstays help the dentures, bridges and crown function.
The main purpose of dental implant insertion is preserving bone in toothless area.
If bone restoration is necessary for dental implant because of severe bone depletion; bone grafting should be done by bone powder and bone blocks. In the first step, the fixture is inserted inside the jaw bone. Then, abatement and the crown are inserted on the fixture, respectively.
Therefore, the fixture is inserted inside the patient’s jaw bone after selecting the suitable dental implant. The prosthesis that is inserted on it can be different, fixed or movable.
We are going to describe two methods for dental implant.
In the first method, four dental implants with the diameter of 0.2cm are inserted in the jaw bone. Their round top comes out of the gum. They create connections with four parts namely housing. If bone depletion is severe, this method takes about 120 minutes and can be a very effective method.
What are the dental implant treatment stages?
In the second dental implant method, six implants are inserted in lower jaw bone and eight implants are inserted in upper jaw bone. Then, these implants are covered by prosthesis to fix the teeth in a stable way.
Dental implant influences on patients in terms of mental aspects. The best results of dental implants are related to some factors including dentist’s experience and knowledge, dental implant type, implant alloy, patient’s health condition, regular examinations by the dentist, laboratory personnel experiences and in total dentistry team operations.
The main goal of dental implant treatment is preserving jaw bone in toothless area. In some cases, the dentist should restore the jaw bone because of severe or average bone depletion by bone graft that is done by bone powder or bone blocks.
Stability during surgery is based on bone volume or bone quality and also depends on implant length and diameter. Dental implant stability depends on bone higher density and better quality. Higher stability in surgery will lead to bearing higher forces.
If the bone density is low or there isn’t enough bone volume, we can use implants with more diameters. if the initial stability of dental implant is not enough, dental implant surgery should be done in two stages. It is possible to consider 2 months for rest and creating better connections between implant and jaw bone. Then, dental implant can be put under forces.
It is much better to keep and restore your teeth (if possible) even if it is time consuming by using several methods of treatments. This is much better than pulling teeth and inserting dental implants. If the tooth is damaged severely; sometimes it is needed to perform several treatments such as root canal, increasing crown length, using veneers or sometimes all of them.
Dental implant is a very suitable alternative for lost teeth. Dental implants are divided in several groups based on the shape, type of insertion and surface specification, each of them has several types.
Is it possible to have dental implant for the patients with severe depleted bones? When the jaw bone is severely depleted; for example, in an accident or long-term usage of removable dentures or tumors; it is not possible to use artificial materials for bone restoration. On the other hand, it is not possible to extract enough bone from the patient’s oral cavity. In these cases, the implant expert has to extract needed bone for implant treatment from other parts of the patient’s body such as rib or hip bone. These cases are very rare and are considered as the last solutions for implant.
Duration of dental implant treatment depends on many factors. Lack of bone in implant site in terms of height and diameter will lead to bone graft to compensate bone deficiencies. In some cases, bone graft is performed along with dental implant treatment processes. It is necessary to ensure enough bone volume before dental implant treatment.